Health EducationHealth Education
Cervical vertebra injury is the most common spinal-cord injury and its functional defect is sometimes lethal. Therefore, recognitions for post-surgical care is crucial.
Congenital hypothyroidism is the condition of insufficient thyroxine in infants at birth, with an incidence of about 1 in 3,000.
Hyperthyroidism (medically known as Graves' disease) is an endocrine disorder caused by the thyroid gland producing excess hormones.
Cervical spine is located in the area of neck and composed of seven cervical bones; it is an important pathway for conducting brain command; so if it is injured, it could incur fatality.
Hyperthyroidism symptoms usually include palpitations, nervousness, diaphoresis, heat-intolerance, hand tremor, weight loss, frequent defecations, menstrual irregularity, and proptosis in some patients.
Hypothyroidism is not uncommon. In particular the conditions of onset are the deficiency of thyroid hormone and low thyroid secretion (insufficient quantity of thyroid hormones produced). Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disease.
Pregnancy can lead to physiological changes in the thyroid gland, further affecting thyroid function test results. In the early stages of pregnancy, these results can lead to a report of hyperthyroidism, which is normal and does not require further treatment or correction.
The thyroid gland is mainly in charge of the internal metabolism regulation mechanism of the body.
The clinical symptoms of hypothyroidism include: joint pain, intolerance of cold, constipation, depression, inability to concentrate, dry skin, fatigue, sparse hair, hair loss, poor memory, menorrhagia, muscle ache, weakness and weight gain.
Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) occurs occasionally in patients with hyperthyroidism, with the manifestations being mainly hypokalemia and sudden muscle weakness. According to the literature records and case review, it was more likely to occur in Asians, with the incidence of hyperthyroidism in Asian patients about 2%, while that in North America was about 0.1% ~ 0.2%, and most aged 20 ~ 40 years old.