Hygiene EducationHealth Education
Nasopharynx lies in central skull, between posterior to nasal cavity and superior to oropharynx. Superior nasopharynx is skull base, with orifices of eustachain tube on both sides. Neck major vessels pass through surrounding with many lymph tissues.
The laryngomicrosurgery ( LMS ) is an operation which uses microscopy to magnify the larynx.
Communication is a multidimensional dynamic process that allows human beings to interact with their environment. Articulation disorders are difficulties in the way that sounds are formed and strung.
Chronic suppurative otitis media involves a perforation (hole) in the eardrum and active bacterial infection within the middle ear space for several weeks or more.
In Taiwan, hypopharyngeal cancer is the third cancer of head and neck beyond oral and nasopharyngeal cancer. The occurrence of hypopharyngeal cancer is in close relationship with smoking, alcohol and betel quid. 95% hypopharyngeal malignancies are squamous cell carcinoma.
Neck mass is a common discomfort in otolaryngology. Many people visit doctors due to worry about malignancy, because they note that painful / painless neck mass accidentally.
"Hoarseness" is a term often used to describe any change in quality of voice. Hoarseness that lasts for more than two weeks requires a complete otolaryngologic examination to rule out potentially serious causes such as malignancy.
Oral antibiotic and local treatment of nose are the primary treatments. The course is about two to three weeks.
Preauricular fistula is a congenital lesion. During fetus, first and second bronchial arches fuse mutually and thus form the auricle.