In 24 hours after the injury, the patient would experience drowsiness and dizziness to some extend and should be woken up every one hour to conversate a little. Observe the conscious state and if the patient could not be woken up, is unconscious or acts strangely, notify the medical personnel immediately.
Balanced diet: Avoid eating too much food that will raise blood glucose
Diabetic patients are likely to be infected, even a tiny foot injury, if there is no proper treatment; therefore, they should be extra cautious with foot care.
DM is a group of diseases characterized by hyperglycemia ( elevated blood glucose ) resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.
Diabetes mellitus is not infectious but it is inheritable especially the type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes is a chronic disease which requires early diagnosis and regular and prolonged treatment, or complications are likely to occur and to threaten health and life. There are three main acute complications: hypoglycemia, ketoacidosis, and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome.
Excess cholesterol and fatty substances, triglyceride, in the bloodstream is deemed hyperlipidemia. When the cholesterol level is too dense, it is easier to incur atherosclerosis, which increases the opportunity of getting coronary artery disease; also, when hypertriglyceridemia level exceeds 500mg/dl, it is easier to incur pancreatitis.
Hyperthyroidism symptoms usually include palpitations, nervousness, diaphoresis, heat-intolerance, hand tremor, weight loss, frequent defecations, menstrual irregularity, and proptosis in some patients.
Diabetic ketoacidosis ( DKA ) is a state of insulin deficiency. When the glucose is unable to enter cells and accumulates within bloodstream, it triggers high blood sugar.
Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) reflects the glycemic control from the past 3 months. When there are more blood glucoses, glycation increases, making the value of HbA1c higher.