Hygiene EducationHealth Education
Choledocholithiasis is the presence of a gallstone in the common bile duct. The stone may consist of bile pigments or calcium and cholesterol salts.
Indications of paracentesis : (1)to collect ascitic fluid to aid in differential diagnosis and decision making,(2) to do needle drainage to help decompress the pressure and relieve the discomfort
EGD ( also known as an upper endoscopy, upper GI endoscopy gastroscope, or panendoscopy ) is a procedure that enables your physician to inspect the lining of the upper part of your gastrointestinal tract, i.e., the esophagus, stomach, and the duodenum (first and second portion of the duodenum) using a thin flexible tube approximately 130cm in length.
lower gastrointestinal bleeding or positive reaction of fecal cult blood test
ERCP is performed by using a duodenoscope. The scope is inserted through esophagus to the stomach and into the second portion of duodenum. Once the papilla of Vater is identified, the bile ducts and pancreatic ducts are injected with contrast material through a small plastic catheter, and x-ray pictures are taken. When these x-ray pictures show stones or obstructions, they can often be treated during the same ERCP examination.
Drink more water before examination to increase urination during examination.Follow physician advice before examination to give local anesthesia perfusion.
Do not drive or ride scooter on the day of surgery.
There are two voiding functions, one is to store urine and the other is to empty urine; when impaired bladder cannot function normally in emptying urine, mostly caused by anatomic abnormality and neuropathy, this is deemed voiding dysfunction.
Any organ within our body cavity protrudes abnormally outward belly wall is deemed hernia; and those organs include small intestine, large intestine, ureter, bladder, ovary, appendix, omentum, testis, and alike.
The disease is rather prevalent around men over age 50 ; it is also named “ the macrobiotic disease ” because the older a man gets, the greater chance he gets the ailment.